Over the last century, tiger numbers have fallen by about 95 percent and tigers now survive in 40 percent less of the area they occupied only a decade ago.Tiger’s are amazing and beautiful creatures who come in 9 subspecies, 3 of which are sadly extinct. This post will go over the six remaining species and the uniqueness of each.
- Amur tigers, or as they are commonly known Siberian tigers, are actually the largest out of the nine sub species! Females can grow up to 8.5 feet (from head to tail) and weigh over 300 pounds! The males are even bigger at an astounding 10.5 feet and weighing in at 660 pounds! Siberian tigers have paler orange fur than the other tiger species and brown stripes instead of the common black stripe. They have white chests and bellies and a white ruff of fur around their necks and can be found in russia.
- Next up is the indian or bengal tiger who claim India, bangladesh, nepal, and bhutan as home. While most Bengal tigers typical colors that are associated with tigers, a recessive gene causes some to be cream or white in color instead of orange. The “white” tigers are rarely found in the wild though. Wild tigers dwell in dry and wet deciduous forests, grassland and temperate forests and mangrove forests. While the bengal has more left in the wild than the other sub species, it is still listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
- Panthera tigris amoyensis or the South China Tiger they are on the smaller side compared to other subspecies and can be Found in central and eastern China.The South China tiger is listed as Critically Endangered on the Red List one step higher than Endangered. According to the WWF, the South China tiger is estimated to be functionally extinct. Currently 47 South China tigers live in 18 zoos, all in China. These tigers are believed to be the offspring of only six animals. This is bad news because in order for the subspecies to continue to exist, genetic diversity is needed.
- The Panthera tigris jacksoni, Malayan Tiger: The Malayan tiger was only identified as being a separate subspecies from the Indochinese tiger in 2004. It is very similar to the Indochinese tiger, but is smaller in size. Malayan tigers can be found in the tropical and subtropical part of Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia. The IUCN lists the species as Endangered on its Red List.
- Indo chinese tiger: These tigers are shorter with narrower stripes than most tigers. Males average 9 feet from head to tail and weigh about 400 pounds . Females are smaller, measuring about 8 feet and weighing about 250 pounds.These tigers live in remote forests with hilly and mountainous terrain. Their habbitat make it hard for scientist to reach, leave little to be known about the status of these tigers in the wild. A 1998 assessment put the number of Indo-Chinese tigers in the wild at an estimated 736 to 1,225 individuals.
- Sumatran Tiger: Found only on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, the Sumatran tiger is listed as Critically Endangered on the Red List. Sumatran tigers are protected by law in Indonesia, with tough provisions for jail time and steep fines. But despite conservation and anti-poaching efforts, tigers are still hunted and tiger parts and skins remain in high demand. The Sumatran tiger has the darkest coat of all tigers. It has broad, black stripes are closely spaced that are often doubled, and has striped forelegs.Sumatran tigers are the smallest tiger subspecies.
- Bali tiger: One of the three extinct subspecies of tiger, the Bali tiger went extinct in the 1940's, according to the Save the Tigers Fund. Tigers were last positively recorded in western Bali in the late 1930s. The causes of extinction include hunting, loss of forest habitat and loss of their prey base. None of these tigers exist in captivity.
- Javan Tiger: This now-extinct species inhabited the Indonesian island of Java into the 1980's. Tigers were last positively recorded from Java's Meru Betiri National Park in 1976, and likely disappeared from much of the rest of the island by the 1940s.
- Caspian Tiger: The Caspian tiger (also called the Hyrcanian tiger or Turan tiger) became extinct in the 1970's. Caspian Tigers were found in the sparse forest habitats, west turkey, and south Iran of the Caspian Sea. Its extinction can be attributed to hunting of both tigers and their prey, habitat loss and conversion, and increased vulnerability of small populations.
From the years of 1994 to 2009, there have been 893 cases of tiger killing as reported by the Wildlife Protection Society of India. This really shows the dangers that the tigers are always facing. Tigris clothing co is dedicated to helping the fight in saving the tigers, and are always looking for devoted individuals to join this fight.